Contrary to some media reports, the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria will not be scrapped along with the National Christian Pilgrims Commission because the Federal government had rejected such recommendations through a White Paper.
Following the recommendation for the scrapping of the two commissions by the Steven Oronsaye committee, a White Paper Drafting Committee was set up by the government of President Goodluck Jonathan under the Chairmanship of then Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mohammed Bello Adoke.
The Oronsanye committee had recommended that both the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria and the Nigerian Christian Pilgrims Commission be abolished and their functions transferred to a department under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; and that the enabling laws of the two Commissions be repealed accordingly.
However, NAHCON’s survival was due to the collective efforts of the following: Mallam Musa Muhammed Bello, the Minister of FCT and the pioneer Chairman of NAHCON; John-Kennedy Opara, the pioneer Executive Secretary of Christian Pilgrims Commission; and Abdullahi Mukhtar Muhammed, immediate past Chairman of NAHCON. Their strong and logical presentations, both formal and informal, resulted in the rejection of the report as contained in the White Paper.
Nonetheless, the Oronsanye report had noted four recommendations, which are: 1) that the Federal Government restricts itself to the provision of consular services and vaccine for Pilgrims; 2) That the Government stops granting concessionary foreign exchange rate to pilgrims; 3) that the Federal Government stops sponsoring pilgrims and pilgrimages; and 4) That Pilgrims be encouraged to save for their individual religious obligations.
I will restrict myself to the recommendations that refer to NAHCON and also x-ray the rejected recommendation that prescribed the dangerous pill of scrapping NAHCON and transferring its function to a department in the Foreign Affairs Ministry.
The first part of this piece will address issue of the Federal Government restricting itself to the provision of consular services and vaccine for Pilgrims; and the suggestions that the Government stops granting concessionary foreign exchange rate to pilgrims. The second part will analyse issue of government sponsoring pilgrims and suggestions that NAHCON be scrapped.
Here are my observations on the reports and why I humbly posit that those recommendations, which could have resulted in the disbandment of NAHCON, shouldn’t have been tabled in the first place.
First, the committee recommends that the Federal Government restricts itself to the provision of consular services and vaccine for Pilgrims. This recommendation is somewhat watery because every citizen of Nigeria travelling outside the country is provided with consular services and internationally accepted vaccines. It is not a special favour accorded to Hajj or Umrah Pilgrims. Rather, it is a basic government responsibility to her citizens. Even at that, Nigerian Hajj or Umrah pilgrims pay for their yellow cards as part of medical travel documents. So, what is extraordinary in the provision of consular services or vaccines for pilgrims that could have necessitated the Oronsaye committee to sight this as a basis of their recommendations to government to wind up NAHCON?
The committee recommended the stoppage of granting concessionary exchange rate to pilgrims: Unknown to many, the administration of former President Olusegun Obasanjo commenced the withdrawal of concessionary rate and it was billed to end in 2015. On coming to power in 2015, the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari was advised against executing the final punch of total withdrawal of concessionary exchange rate to pilgrimage. In the alternative, President Buhari directed that people should be sensitised that the government cannot continue to grant concessionary exchange rate to pilgrims. Sensitization programme and town hall meetings were organised in geopolitical zones and States.
However, President Buhari’s position becomes more unsettled due to mind-boggling amount of money being expended on the concessionary exchange rate and pressure from local and international economists who argued that “the government cannot be granting a concession to religious bodies and ignore business enterprises”. Also, an Anambra State-based Lawyer, Nwafili Okwuosa, had in November 2017 filed processes in court challenging the continued sponsorship of Muslim pilgrims by the Federal government. The case filed at the Awka Division of the Federal High Court then had the Federal Government and the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria as the defendants. The bubble finally burst in 2017 when the government withdrew the concessionary exchange rate and Hajj fare rose to N1.5 million.
A brief analysis of exchange rate between 2003 when the Federal Government was still granting concession on the exchange rate and 2017 when the Federal Government finally withdrew will support my argument. In 2003, the exchange rate was N128 to a dollar; in 2004 it was N128 to a dollar, in 2005, N128 to a dollar, in 2006 it was given to pilgrims at N120, in 2007 it remained at N120 and in 2008 it went for N145. During 2009 Hajj it returned to N135 to a dollar; in 2010 it exchanged for N135 to a dollar. Then in 2011, it remained the same at 135 to a dollar. In 2012 it was N145 to a dollar and in 2013 pilgrims accessed the dollar at N146. During 2014 Hajj, it was N150 to a dollar and Hajj 2016 was the last year that pilgrims enjoyed concessionary exchange rate at N197 to a dollar. After the Federal Government ceased giving concession on the exchange rate in 2017, the exchange rate rose to N305 to a dollar.
It should be noted that 98 per cent of hajj cost components are in dollars. In 2013, the total cost of the hajj dollar component was $4,234 and the exchange rate was N146 to a dollar. In 2014, it was $4,451 at the exchange rate of N150. In 2015, the dollars in hajj fare was $4,671 at an exchange rate of N160. In 2016, the dollar component is $5,026 at the exchange rate of N197.
However, in 2017, the dollar was reduced to $4,725 but the exchange rate rose to N305. Consequently, the Hajj fare rose to N1.5 million in 2017. As such, the ongoing efforts to bring down the hajj fare without compromising the quality of services needs the support of all stakeholders.
However, the process of hajj fare reduction started a long time ago but the impact could not be felt due to the cancellation of concessionary exchange rate.
If the exchange rate of N197 in 2016 was maintained in 2017, 2017 Hajj fare dollar components could have been less than 2016 dollar components by $300. And that means the 2017 hajj fare could have been less than 2016 hajj fare by N59,100 with the same standard of service. This statistics were collated by HAJJ REPORTERS when NAHCON made a presentation to the National Assembly.
The bullet point here is that the increase of the 2017 hajj fare was as a result of the Federal Government’s withdrawal of granting concession on the exchange rate to pilgrims, which resulted in the increase of foreign exchange rate from N197 to N305 as repeatedly stated by previous NAHCON permanent and non permanent Commissioners at different fora.
Meanwhile, the President Buhari Administration brought many innovations to hajj, among which is the scrapping of the National Amirul Hajj team to save cost. The National Amirul Hajj team budget is within the range of $1 million during hajj, even without specific role under the NAHCON Act.
Back to Oronsaye committee reports. Sensing the danger of continued reliance on the Federal Government to augment Hajj, the immediate past third board, led by Abdullahi Mukhtar Muhammed, began “Preparation self-reliance” to look inwards on how to generate revenue to fund Hajj operations. Activating Hajj Saving Scheme, Hajj Training Institutes, and building of hotel-like structure and event centres across hajj camps are geared toward self-reliance. NAHCON utilizes service charge from Hajj service providers without compromising on the quality of services rendered to pilgrims to augment its financial base as provided for in the NAHCON establishment ACT.
Again, since 2014, financing of NAHCON’s off-shore budget by the Federal Government has been on the decline up till 2019. In 2014, the Federal Government off-shore budget contribution was 69 per cent, while NAHCON contributed 31 per cent. During 2015 Hajj, the Federal Government’s contribution went down to 68 per cent, while NAHCON sourced for 32 per cent. In 2016, the Federal Government contributed 28 per cent and NAHCON funded the operation with 72 per cent contribution. In 2017, the Government’s share of off shore budget declined to 23 per cent, while NAHCON shouldered 77 per cent. During 2018 Hajj, the off-shore budget was financed in the ratio of 22 per cent by the Federal Government to 78 per cent coming from NAHCON.
The yoke was finally broken in 2019 when the Federal Government’s contributions stood at zero, while NAHCON funded the entire Hajj operation (off-shore and on-shore), thereby detaching NAHCON from the clutches of government funding – the pillar on which Oronsaye report was erected. These statistics was made public by previous NAHCON permanent and non permanent Commissioners at different fora. When Hajj reforms started bearing fruits, NAHCON was able to fund 2019 Hajj and paid estacode to its staff.
In a nutshell, the third board has killed Orosnaye committee and the religious aspect of national confab reports. More importantly, the Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs had earlier urged the Federal Government to hand over NAHCON to the body with a promise to make it a self sustaining agency.
Thereafter, NAHCON was able to purchase a befitting permanent office and funded hajj operations, thereby fulfilling the desire of Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs.
Based on this analysis, it is now clear that some of the policies embarked upon by the previous board that are not well understood by the public are actually meant to put NAHCON on a strong pillar and block any avenue that can make the Federal Government to reconsider the Oronsaye Report for implementation. The previous board members seem to be the Nostradamus of hajj – the men who saw the future of hajj administration in Nigeria. This is how NAHCON was able to stand on its feet, thereby saving itself from the Oronsaye Report hammer.
. Muhammed is the National Coordinator, Independent Hajj Reporters.
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